Avignon's artistic and cultural showcase is a city with a rich heritage. "Ville d'art" until the disappearance of this label in 2005 for the network of Cities and Countries of Art and History, the municipality has not included in this new network.
It is above all the ramparts of the fourteenth century that one notices when one approaches the center. They are about 4 kilometers long, are flanked by 39 towers and pierced with 7 main gates spread all around the old city. The old moats have been filled and converted into car parks, formerly the level of the ramparts was much higher providing much better protection for the inhabitants of Avignon