Barra da Tijuca is an 'administrative region' situated between the Atlantic Ocean and the massive Pedra Branca and Tijuca, West Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, capital of the eponymous state. It is composed largely of barriers islands separated from the mainland by an extensive lagoon complex. Although unusual, those born or living in Barra da Tijuca are called barristas 2 3.
It consists of eight districts: Barra da Tijuca, Recreio, Vargem Small, Large Vargem, Camorim, Grumari, and Joah Itanhangá, plus dozens of sub-districts, covering a population of approximately 300,000 people. 4 Its total area is 165.59 km ², 5 equivalent to the size of the urban area of Tel Aviv, Israel, or the city of Miami, Florida.
Have the entire 27.3 km of ocean beaches, 6 being the largest beach of Barra da Tijuca Beach and Reserve, both located in Barra da Tijuca district. The region also has three large ponds, and to the greatest extent Marapendi Lagoon.
The region is crossed by three main routes: the Avenue of the Americas (major route in the region, which cuts the neighborhoods of Barra and Recreation and has about 21 km), Avenida Ayrton Senna (linking the Jacarepagua Bar and Line yellow), and Avenida Lucio Costa, former Sernambetiba Avenue (along the coast).
It borders the district of Jacarepagua north, with the Pedra Branca Massif west, with the Tijuca east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. The neighborhood of Barra da Tijuca is the cultural, economic and administrative center of the region.
Barra, as it is popularly known, is a relatively new area, classified as high development by the Human Development Index (HDI = 0.959) .7 The demographic data indicate that the region was the fastest growing county in the 1990s: about 44% .8 will be a great host the Olympics in 2016, receiving the majority of Olympic sports as well as being the site of the Olympic Village.